The Derivation of the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation Peak Spectral Radiance, Planck Time, and the Hubble Constant from the Neutron and Hydrogen

The Derivation of the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation Peak Spectral Radiance, Planck Time, and the Hubble Constant from the Neutron and Hydrogen

Donald William Chakeres
Department of Radiology, The Ohio State University,
Columbus, OH, USA

Vola Andrianarijaona
Department of Physics & Engineering, Pacific Union College,
Angwin, CA, USA

Abstract

Purpose: The cosmic microwave background radiation, CMB, is fundamental to observational cosmology, and is believed to be a remnant from the Big Bang. The CMB, Planck time, tP, and the Hubble constant, H0, are important cosmologic constants. The goal is to accurately derive and demonstrate the inter-relationships of the CMB peak spectral radiance frequency, tP, and H0 from neutron and hydrogen quantum data only. Methods: The harmonic neutron hypothesis, HNH, eva- luates physical phenomena within a finite consecutive integer and exponential power law har- monic fraction series that are scaled by a fundamental frequency of the neutron as the exponent base. The CMB and the H0 are derived from a previously published method used to derive tP. Their associated integer exponents are respectively +1/2, −3/4, and −128/35. Results: Precise mathe- matical relationships of these three constants are demonstrated. All of the derived values are within their known observational values. The derived and known values are: νCMB, 160.041737 (06) × 109 Hz, ~160 × 109 Hz; 2.72519 K, 2.72548 ± 0.00057 K, H0 2.29726666 (11) × 10−18 s−1, ~2.3 × 10−18 s−1; and tP 5.3911418 (3) × 10−44 s, 5.39106 (32) × 10−44 s. Conclusion: The cosmic fundamen- tal constants tP, H0, and CMB are mathematically inter-related constants all defined by gravity. They are also directly derivable from the quantum properties of the neutron and hydrogen within a harmonic power law.

Keywords

Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation, Neutron, Fundamental Physical Constants, Unification Models, Hydrogen, Planck Time, Hubble Constant

How to cite this paper: Chakeres, D.W. and Andrianarijaona, V. (2016) The Derivation of the Cosmic Microwave Back- ground Radiation Peak Spectral Radiance, Planck Time, and the Hubble Constant from the Neutron and Hydrogen. Journal of Modern Physics, 7, 573-586. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jmp.2016.76060

The Harmonic Neutron Hypothesis