Donald William Chakeres

Department of Radiology, The Ohio State University,

Columbus, OH, USA

Vola Andrianarijaona

Department of Physics & Engineering, Pacific Union College,

Angwin, CA, USA

Abstract

Purpose: The cosmic microwave background radiation, CMB, is fundamental to observational cosmology, and is believed to be a remnant from the Big Bang. The CMB, Planck time, tP, and the Hubble constant, H0, are important cosmologic constants. The goal is to accurately derive and demonstrate the inter-relationships of the CMB peak spectral radiance frequency, tP, and H0 from neutron and hydrogen quantum data only. Methods: The harmonic neutron hypothesis, HNH, eva- luates physical phenomena within a finite consecutive integer and exponential power law har- monic fraction series that are scaled by a fundamental frequency of the neutron as the exponent base. The CMB and the H0 are derived from a previously published method used to derive tP. Their associated integer exponents are respectively +1/2, −3/4, and −128/35. Results: Precise mathe- matical relationships of these three constants are demonstrated. All of the derived values are within their known observational values. The derived and known values are: νCMB, 160.041737 (06) × 109 Hz, ~160 × 109 Hz; 2.72519 K, 2.72548 ± 0.00057 K, H0 2.29726666 (11) × 10−18 s−1, ~2.3 × 10−18 s−1; and tP 5.3911418 (3) × 10−44 s, 5.39106 (32) × 10−44 s. Conclusion: The cosmic fundamen- tal constants tP, H0, and CMB are mathematically inter-related constants all defined by gravity. They are also directly derivable from the quantum properties of the neutron and hydrogen within a harmonic power law.

Keywords

Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation, Neutron, Fundamental Physical Constants, Unification Models, Hydrogen, Planck Time, Hubble Constant

How to cite this paper: Chakeres, D.W. and Andrianarijaona, V. (2016) The Derivation of the Cosmic Microwave Back- ground Radiation Peak Spectral Radiance, Planck Time, and the Hubble Constant from the Neutron and Hydrogen. Journal of Modern Physics, 7, 573-586. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jmp.2016.76060